Students in the tertiary level starting this school year 2018-2019 are considered lucky of being able to enjoy the FREE TUITION LAW in the country. This means that the  law will cover the tuition and fees of students officially enrolled starting June of this year in 112 State Universities and Colleges and 78 Local Colleges and Universities, including all officially registered technical-vocational education and training programs.

According to Commission on Higher Education (CHED) officer-in-charge Mr. Prospero de Vera III, there is a Php40 billion allocation just for the first year of implementation of the Universal Access to Quality Tertiary Education Act or what has been known as Republic Act No. 10931.

This is a very positive move for the less fortunate families for their children to be able to grab a decent education and get a degree to elevate their family’s future and move out from poverty. However, for every benefit we can get from something, we should also expect some drawbacks it may caused.

Even in America, the argument with free education has long been arises and is still in the open platform for discussion. One disadvantage that has been mentioned in having free education is that an additional burden will be added on the general population, who are the taxpayers, to compensate every fees, facilities, and services rendered while students are studying on each of their distinctive field of study. It may sound selfish but taxpayers could somehow feel it.

Good thing the law has specified some policies with regards to the disqualification of this national grant as to avoid abuse. One cannot avail the free tuition and fees in SUCs and LUCs if:

  1. You already have a bachelor’s degree or a similar undergraduate degree from any public or private Higher Education Institutions.
  2. You failed to comply  with the admission or retention policies of the SUC or LUC.
  3. You failed to complete your degree within a year after the period recommended by your program.
  4. You voluntarily opt out to enjoy the grant.

After this school year, certain considerations will surely be identified with regards to the pros and cons of this approved Republic Act. What is important is for us to focus on the positive impact it could bring to the Filipino people.

May this FREE TUITION LAW will serve as a good start to lower the number of out of school youth in the community and encourage more parents to value education for it is the only treasure they can left for their children to inherit with full assurance that nobody can grab it away from them.

Having the right education offers a life with assurance and stability. This is what the young ones should instill in their minds as our government is doing their part already.


American Bully, Mange, and Treatment | Experience Based Review


REN,  a year old American Bully

Common to Aspin (Asong Pinoy), mange did not exempt American Bully dogs. We have proven it with Ren, a year old male standard American Bully dog.

Ren was diagnosed having infected with demodectic mange. After undergone a long series of treatment in between vets, we gathered enough info and experience with mange treatment.

Dog Mange

There are two types of mange. The sarcoptic mange which is contagious even to humans and the demodectic mange, not contagious but has its own severity.

Sarcoptic mange merely appears on dogs producing red scaly skin with extreme itchiness and hair loss. It starts on areas like in ear flaps, elbows, and abdomen.

Demodectic mange appears in patchy hair loss with relatively normal looking skin, except on its underneath where the mites settle in.

Mange Treatment

  1. Ivermectin

The most common mange treatment is Ivermectin, available in either oral or injectable. Ivermectin is an effective mange treatment specially those affected with demodex mites. It is affordable  that costs only around Php30/1cc if bought directly from agrivet stores. Dosage is indicated on the bottle which should be administered carefully by an expert for if not, it could be fatal for your dog.

Although affordable and effective in disabling the nervous system of the mites and manipulating the white blood cells of the dog to attack the mites, still it has a disadvantage if used for long as it can damage the dog’s liver. In the case of Ren, with excessive treatment of Ivermectin, his behind legs were affected causing him a paralysis. Thank God, his legs was back to normal now.

  1. Bravecto

Bravecto is a chewable tablet that costs more than a thousand pesos per tablet but the treatment is comprehensive and proven effective. Demodex mites will completely vanish in 84 days after the day of treatment. Hair re-growth can be observed too. One treatment serves a three-month protection of your dog against mange.

  1. Advocate

Among the three, we prefer to administer Advocate on mange cases of any of our dogs. Although quite expensive too as on per 10kg-25kg weight of dog corresponds to a dosage that costs you to around 550 pesos. The result, it’s superb.

Not only on demodectic mange but also on sarcoptic mites, Advocate spot on solution completely resolve the skin infection. Not to mention, that it also fight against fleas, mites and even roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, and lungworms manifestation to your dog. It is simply a perfect solution to your dog’s mange.

How to apply Advocate on your dog? Very easy. Simply spot the solution into the nape (back of the neck) of your dog. No injection. No chewing. In 28 days, you will see the amazing effect of the Advocate together with the hair re-growing of your dog’s furr.

  1. Home Remedies and other alternatives

For natural treatment and alternatives available in your home, mange can also be stop through the following as listed:

  1. Sulfur soap
  2. Apple cider vinegar
  3. Vegetable oil
  4. Honey
  5. Lemon
  6. Yogurt
  7. Aloe vera
  8. Baking Soda

Remember to avoid your dog from eating food that causes mange like sea foods. Some are allergic to chicken and corn too but that depends.

Nonetheless, to avoid mange manifestation into your dogs, make sure that their immune system is well boosted for if it started to fail, mites will get a chance to infest. However, there are really dogs, disregarding to its breed, is susceptible to mange. If this case happens, just be ready on which mange treatment suits best to your dog.


All About Dams | How It Exist

What is a Dam?

By definition, a dam is a barrier that stops or restricts the flow of water or underground streams. Reservoirs created by dams not only suppress floods but also provide water for activities such as irrigation, human consumption, industrial use, aquaculture, and navigability. Hydro-power is often used in conjunction with dams to generate electricity. A dam can also be used to collect water or for storage of water which can be evenly distributed between locations.


The Three Gorges Dam, in China, is the world’s largest power station in terms of installed capacity (22,500 MW).

Classification (Types) of Dams Based on Purpose

1. Storage dam or Impounding dam

It is constructed to create a reservoir to store water during periods when there is huge flow in the river (in excess of demand) for utilization later during periods of low flow (demand exceeds flow in the river). Water stored in the reservoir is used for irrigation, power generation, water supply etc. By suitable operation, it can also serve as a detention dam.

2. Detention dam

It is primarily constructed to temporarily detain all or part of the flood water in a river and to gradually release the stored water later at controlled rates so that the entire region on the downstream side of the dam is protected from possible damage due to floods. It may also be used as a storage dam.

3. Diversion dam

It is constructed to divert part of or all the water from a river into a conduit or a channel. For diverting water from a river into an irrigation canal, mostly a diversion weir is constructed across the river.

4. Coffer dam

It is a temporary dam constructed to exclude water from a specific area. It is constructed on the u/s side of the site where a dam is to be constructed so that the site is dry. In this case, it behaves like a diversion dam.

5. Debris dam

It is constructed to catch and retain debris flowing in a river.

Types of Dams Based on Hydraulic Design

1. Overflow dam or Over-fall dam

It is constructed with a crest to permit overflow of surplus water that cannot be retained in the reservoir. Generally dams are not designed as overflow dams for its entire length. Diversion weirs of small height may be designed to permit overflow over its entire length.

2. Non-overflow dam

It is constructed such that water is not allowed to overflow over its crest.

In most cases, dams are so designed that part of its length is designed as an overflow dam (this part is called the spillway) while the rest of its length is designed as a non-overflow dam. In some cases, these two sections are not combined.

Types of Dams Based on Material Construction

1. Rigid Dam

It is constructed with rigid material such as stone, masonry, concrete, steel, or timber. Steel dams (steel plates supported on inclined struts) and timber dams (wooden planks supported on a wooden framework) are constructed only for small heights (rarely).

2. Non-rigid Dam (Embankment Dams)

It is constructed with non-rigid material such as earth, tailings, rockfill etc.

    • Earthen dam – gravel, sand, silt, clay etc
    • Tailings dam – waste or refuse obtained from mines
    • Rockfill dam – rock material supporting a water tight material on the u/s face
    • Rockfill composite dam – Rockfill on the d/s side and earth fill on the u/s side
    • Earthen dams are provided with a stone masonry or concrete overflow (spillway) section. Such dams are called composite dams.

In some cases, part of the length of the dam is constructed as earth dam and the rest (excluding the spillway) as a masonry dam. Such dams are called masonry cum earthen dams.

Types of Dams Based on Structural Behavior

1. Gravity Dam

It is a masonry or concrete dam which resists the forces acting on it by its own weight. Its c/s is approximately triangular in shape.

Straight gravity dam – A gravity dam that is straight in plan.

Curved gravity plan – A gravity dam that is curved in plan.

Curved gravity dam (Arch gravity dam) – It resists the forces acting on it by combined gravity action (its own weight) and arch action.

Solid gravity dam – Its body consists of a solid mass of masonry or concrete

Hollow gravity dam – It has hollow spaces within its body.

Most gravity dams are straight solid gravity dams.

Concrete Gravity Dams

2. Arch Dam

It is a curved masonry or concrete dam, convex upstream, which resists the forces acting on it by arch action.

The only arch dam in India – Idukki dam (double curvature in plan) – concrete arch dam.

3. Buttress Dam

It consists of water retaining sloping membrane or deck on the u/s which is supported by a series of buttresses. These buttresses are in the form of equally spaced triangular masonry or reinforced concrete walls or counter-forts. The sloping membrane is usually a reinforced concrete slab. In some cases, the u/s slab is replaced by multiple arches supported on buttresses (multiple arch buttress dam) or by flaring the u/s edge of the buttresses to span the distance between the buttresses (bulkhead buttress dam or massive head buttress dam). In general, the structural behavior of a buttress dam is similar to that of a gravity dam.

4. Embankment Dam

It is a non-rigid dam which resists the forces acting on it by its shear strength and to some extent also by its own weight (gravity). Its structural behaviour is in many ways different from that of a gravity dam.

    • Earth or rock
    • Weight or rock

Steps in Dam Construction

Preparation of Foundation

Sometimes, areas of weaker soils or rocks are found below the planned foundation level and these have to be removed and replaced with stronger materials

Step 1

To build a Dam the engineers must first de-water the part of the river valley in which they wish to place the dam.

This is usually achieved by diverting the river through a tunnel.
The tunnel is built through one side of the valley around the planned construction area.

A series of holes is drilled in the rock. Explosives are placed in the drill holes, blasting takes place and broken rock is then removed. This procedure is repeated many times until the tunnel is completed. Diversion tunnels are often lined with concrete.

Step 2

Work on diverting the river starts in summer when river levels are low. Earth-moving equipment is used to build a small dam (called a cofferdam) upstream of the main construction area. This acts as a barrier to the river and causes it to flow through the diversion tunnel.

Another cofferdam is built downstream of the main dam site to prevent water flowing back into the construction area.

Pumps are used to remove any water that seeps through the cofferdams.
Diversion tunnels are not always necessary when concrete dams are being built. The river can sometimes be channeled through a large pipe and the dam constructed around it.

Step 3

The construction methods used in building a dam depend on the type of dam being built. The first stage normally involves the removal of loose rock and rubble from the valley walls and river bed.

Concrete-faced rock-fill dams require a footing (or plinth) to be constructed around their upstream edge.

The plinth is made from concrete and serves as a foundation or connection
between the dam and the valley walls and floor.

It has an important role in preventing water leakage around the edges of the dam. The area under the plinth is waterproofed by drilling holes and pumping cement grout into cracks in the rock.

The thin concrete face on the upstream side of the dam is connected to the plinth via stainless steel and rubber seals called waterstops.

Step 4

During dam construction the associated power station and intake works are also being built.

When the dam is completed the diversion tunnel is closed and the lake begins to fill. The closure of the diversion tunnel has two phases.

During low flow a large re-usable steel gate is lowered across the entrance.
The diversion tunnel is then permanently blocked off by the construction of a concrete plug.

In some instances dewatering outlets are built into the plugs so water can be released during an emergency.

Recommended Thesis Format | Your Project Proposal

Silliman Engineering Thesis writing

In writing your project proposal in CE 59, make sure to follow an APA format.

What is APA?

According to Wikipedia, APA Style is a writing style and format for academic documents such as journal articles and books. It is described in the style guide of the American Psychological Association (APA), which is titled the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. The guidelines were developed to aid reading comprehension in the social and behavioral sciences, for clarity of communication, and for “word choice that best reduces bias in language”.

…<read more>

Basic Rules You Must Follow in APA Format

There are basic rules you must follow in having an APA format. Part of it is the four major sections in your paper. Read the full text here.

Now here’s what you should do

CHAPTER 1 – Introduction
              Rationale  <reference 1> <reference 2>
              1.1 – Statement of the problem <reference 1
              1.2 – Objectives of the study <reference 1>
              1.3 – Significance of the study <reference 1
              1.4 – Scope of work and limitation <reference 1>
              1.5 – Site location <reference 1
              1.6 – Definition of terms <reference 1

CHAPTER 2 – Review of Related Literature and studies <reference 1> <reference 2>

CHAPTER 3 – Methodology <reference 1>  <reference 2>

I’m So Blessed To Rescue These Expensive Dogs | Know Their Real Breed

Out of the many clicks, finally, I got their perfect fierce pose the way I want them to. These are Zia (Doberman Pinscher White mixed) and Corgi (Rat Terrier Brindle mixed), two out of my many rescued pets. They came from different places out of different risky situations that are the reason why I rescued and adopted them which now gave them different success stories of how they got a life like human children under my enduring care and everlasting love.


The problem with the mentality of some individuals is the fact that they only stick to what’s typical. Since it’s typical to appreciate and own a pet dog with a commonly known breed of high standards, then they easily identify street dogs in the country as Askal. Yes, it’s true as Askal stands for “Asong Kalye” which means street dogs. However, to define, Askal is not a breed. Hence, never give less of a value to every street dogs you’ve found anywhere as they have their own distinctive breeds higher than what you can think of.

Why these dogs are superbly incomparable?

I totally dislike talking to anybody who would take a street dog for granted thinking that they are not comparable with what are commonly high valued breeds in our locality. Nevertheless, I thoroughly agree that we cannot compare Askal to breeds like Siberian Husky, Bulldog, German Shepherd, Pug, Japanese Spitz, Chow-chow, Rottweiler, Labrador, Retriever, Doberman, Beagle, etc. since Askal or the street dogs in our community is superbly incomparable to these typically popular dog breeds with a price tag. Why incomparable? Incomparable in a sense that their distinct breed is way more strenuous to find which made them a one of kind but once identified, it would really be an exquisite veracity and a humble slap in the face to those who devalued them.

If I have to buy, I can’t afford my rescued pet dogs

Just like my Zia and Corgi. On the viewpoint of the many, they are just Askal but the breeds of this Asong Kalye have now been identified and to my surprise, I’m so blessed to own pets of as expensive as them as, to be honest, I cannot afford buying a White Doberman Pinscher which has a US worth of ₱25,000 to ₱50,000 nor a Brindle Rat Terrier which has a US worth of ₱20,000 to ₱40,000.

As for Zia, the White Doberman Pinscher mixed, she belongs to a working dog group who has a great deal of energy and needs a lot of exercises standing up to 26 inches tall and weighing up to 80 pounds. She has the temperament of being obedient, fearless, intelligent, alert, energetic, loyal, and confident. While Corgi, the Brindle Rat Terrier mix, she has the personality of being friendly, lovable, inquisitive, and a fearlessly game for just about anything having a very active energy level. She is a miniature type standing up to only 13 inches tall and weighing up to 25 pounds.

Askal no more here comes Aspin

Now, who says they are Askal? Oh, before I forgot, since Asong Kalye (Askal) is just so broad that can stand for street dogs in another country, instead of saying Askal, why not generalize our street dogs as Aspin? Aspin stands for Asong Pinoy. This way, we now have the authority to claim the general name of our one of a kind street dogs which, at the same time, boost their typical value while their real breed still has to be identified.

What’s your pet dog breed then? Submit us a photo and we will identify it.


Who is Cieline Mona Jalosjos

With thousands of fans in social media, Cieline Mona Jalosjos is the new pinnacle face of the College of Engineering and Design in Silliman University this school year 2017-2018.

But who really is Cieline Mona Jalosjos?

  • She was born in Dapitan City and was raised in the Island of Silinog, where her name came from.
  • She came from a prominent family found in Dakak.
  • She graduated in high school from Brent International School
  • She finished Interior Design in Raffles Design Institute but prior to that she had spent some time in business school in one of the University in California.
  • She started taking Civil Engineering course in Silliman University last year
  • She is 24 years young
  • She has bluish ombré hair that replicates her advocacy entitled “Silliman toward Saving Our Shores.”
  • She is kind but has a firm character
  • Very tall reaching a height of 5’9″

She is the chosen Miss Engineering and Design 2017 to represent the college on the coming 71st Miss Silliman which will be held tomorrow, August 25, 2017 at the Lamberto Macias Sports Complex.

According to her fans and supporters, she looks like:

  • Bea Alonzo
  • Pia Wurtzbach
  • Liza Macuja
  • Bella Padilla
  • Barbie doll

Whoever she looks like, in the hearts of the College of Engineering and Design, Cieline Mona Jalosjos truly embodies the epitome of being a Silliman woman.

– 📷 credits to the owners of the photos as posted. I do not own one.